Ancient Corinth General Info


Corinth (Κόρινθος in Greek) is situated between two seas, the Ionian and the Aegean and was inhabited since the Neolithic period. The mythological Sisyphus (Σίσυφος) was the first king of the area and the founder of the city-state. This first king and his successor’s children covered the city of prestige and wealth until the arrival of Dorians, under whom the city was subdued and probably at this time called Corinth, which is also its current name.

As per Greek mythology, in this city, had taken refuge Jason and Medea and descendants of Heracles have ruled for twelve generations. Of the monarchy becomes governed by an aristocratic elite, until the arrival of tyranny, with notable names rulers and recognized by the intellectual elite to the ends of the Hellenic territory, as was Periander, recognized as one of the seven sages of the antiquity. Towards the 7th century reached its apogee Corinth founded colonies, and scoring great prosperity for its people. Over the centuries involved in the busy life of the Greeks and finally follows the common destiny of states from the middle of the 2nd century BC falls into the hands of the Romans. The city is destroyed and rebuilt several times keeping its inner beauty and decorated temples and public buildings of incomparable beauty.
Corinth, which reached a population of 100 inhabitants (including slaves) was the second most important city for centuries and is allied with the Dorians of Sparta, is with the Ionians from Athens.

The area has great natural wealth, and therefore caught the attention of various conquerors, from those inmates from ancient times, even those outside Erulos, Visigoths and Slavs, Romans, Byzantines and Turks.
In the archaeological site but a few samples of the Hellenistic period. Most findings show the Roman period and eventually the Byzantine.

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